Multivariate statistical models of metabolomic data reveals different metabolite distribution patterns in isonitrosoacetophenone-elicited Nicotiana tabacum and Sorghum bicolor cells

Ntakadzeni E. Madala, Lizelle A. Piater, Paul A. Steenkamp, Ian A. Dubery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isonitrosoacetophenone (INAP, 2-keto-2-phenyl-acetaldoxime) is a novel inducer of plant defense. Oxime functional groups are rare in natural products, but can serve as substrates depending on existing secondary pathways. Changes in the metabolomes of sorghum and tobacco cells treated with INAP were investigated and chemometric tools and multivariate statistical analysis were used to investigate the changes in metabolite distribution patterns resulting from INAP elicitation. Liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS) supplied unique chemical fingerprints that were generated in response to specific metabolomic events. Principal component analysis (PCA) together with hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and Metabolic Trees were used for data visualization. Orthogonal projections to latent structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and shared and unique structure (SUS) plots were exploited in parallel to reveal the changes in the metabolomes. PCA indicated that the cells responded differentially to INAP through changes in the metabolite profiles. Furthermore, HCA and Metabolic Trees showed that INAP induced metabolic perturbations in both cell lines and that homeostasis was re-established over time. OPLS-DA-based shared and unique structure (SUS) plots confirmed the results and revealed differences in the metabolites distribution patterns between tobacco and sorghum cells. Chemometric analyses of metabolomic data offers insight into changes in metabolism in response to chemical elicitation. Although similar, the response in sorghum cells was found to be more consistent and well-coordinated when compared to tobacco cells, indicative of the differences in secondary metabolism between cyanogenic and non-cyanogenic plants for oxime metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number254
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalSpringerPlus
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • HCA
  • Isonitrosoacetophenone
  • Metabolic trees
  • Metabolomics
  • Nicotiana tabacum
  • OPLS-DA
  • PCA
  • SUS
  • Sorghum bicolor
  • UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Multidisciplinary

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