Multi-ion imprinted polymers (MIIPs) for simultaneous extraction and preconcentration of Sb(III), Te(IV), Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from drinking water sources

Silindokuhle Jakavula, N. Raphael Biata, K. Mogolodi Dimpe, Vusumzi E. Pakade, Philiswa N. Nomngongo

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneous extraction and preconcentration of several potentially toxic metal ions have received great attention because of their toxicological effects on aquatic life and human beings. Multi-ion imprinted polymers (MIIP) have proved to be promising adsorbents with excellent specific recognition performance than single-ion imprinted polymer. Therefore, in this study, the MIIP strategy was employed for simultaneous extraction and enrichment of Sb(III), Cd(II), Pb(II) and Te(IV) ions from drinking water sources. MIIPs was used as a sorbent material in ultrasound-assisted dispersive solid phase extraction combined with inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (UA-DSPE/ICP-OES). The experimental parameters that affect the extraction efficiency and recovery of Sb(III), Cd(II), Pb(II) and Te(IV) were investigated using response surface methodology. Under optimum conditions, the enhancement factors, linear range, limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 37.7–51.1, 0.04–100 µg L-1, 0.011–0.28 µg L-1, 0.037–093 µg L-1, respectively. The intra-day (n = 10) and inter-day (n = 5) precision expressed as relative standard deviations (%RSDs,) were 3% and 5%, respectively. The proposed UA-DSPE/ICP-OES method was applied for preconcentration and determination of the trace metal ions in environmental samples. Furthermore, the accuracy of the method was evaluated using spiked recovery experiments and the percentage recoveries ranged from 95% to 99.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126175
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume416
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Drinking water sources
  • Multi-ion imprinted polymer
  • Toxic metal ions
  • Ultrasound-assisted dispersive solid phase extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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