Multi-dimensional summation-by-parts operators for general function spaces: Theory and construction

Jan Glaubitz, Simon Christian Klein, Jan Nordström, Philipp Öffner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Summation-by-parts (SBP) operators allow us to systematically develop energy-stable and high-order accurate numerical methods for time-dependent differential equations. Until recently, the main idea behind existing SBP operators was that polynomials can accurately approximate the solution, and SBP operators should thus be exact for them. However, polynomials do not provide the best approximation for some problems, with other approximation spaces being more appropriate. We recently addressed this issue and developed a theory for one-dimensional SBP operators based on general function spaces, coined function-space SBP (FSBP) operators. In this paper, we extend the theory of FSBP operators to multiple dimensions. We focus on their existence, connection to quadratures, construction, and mimetic properties. A more exhaustive numerical demonstration of multi-dimensional FSBP (MFSBP) operators and their application will be provided in future works. Similar to the one-dimensional case, we demonstrate that most of the established results for polynomial-based multi-dimensional SBP (MSBP) operators carry over to the more general class of MFSBP operators. Our findings imply that the concept of SBP operators can be applied to a significantly larger class of methods than is currently done. This can increase the accuracy of the numerical solutions and/or provide stability to the methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112370
JournalJournal of Computational Physics
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2023


  • General function spaces
  • Initial boundary value problems
  • Mimetic discretization
  • Multi-dimensional
  • Stability
  • Summation-by-parts operators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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