Multi-agent system implementation in demand response: A literature review and bibliometric evaluation

Benjamin O. Olorunfemi, Nnamdi Nwulu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This research provides a comprehensive literature overview and bibliometric evaluation of multi-agent system (MAS) implementation in energy demand response (DR) to identify gaps. The review encompasses 39 relevant papers from searches in three academic databases, focusing on studies published from 2012 to the middle of 2023. The review includes MAS frameworks, optimization algorithms, communication protocols, market structures and evaluation methodologies. Bibliometric analysis of 587 documents from the search on the Scopus database identified prolific authors, influential articles and collaborative networks within the field. The findings reveal growing research interest in implementing an MAS for DR, focusing on integrating intelligent agents into electricity grids to enable effective load management and enhance grid stability. Additionally, the review outlines potential research directions, including exploring advanced MAS techniques, interoperability challenges, policy implications and the integration of renewable energy sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1210
Number of pages32
JournalAIMS Energy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • demand response
  • distributed electricity generation
  • energy management
  • grid reliability
  • multi-agent systems
  • renewable energy sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-agent system implementation in demand response: A literature review and bibliometric evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this