Morphological and molecular description of Allocreadium apokryfi sp. n. (Digenea: Allocreadiidae) from native Labeobarbus aeneus (Cyprinidae) in South Africa, including notes on its biology, evolutionary history and an updated key of African Allocreadium

Quinton M. Dos Santos, Beric M. Gilbert, Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage, José C. Dumbo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adult trematodes of Allocreadium Looss, 1900 (Digenea) infect the intestine of mostly freshwater fishes in Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas. During routine parasitological surveys in the Vaal River system, adult trematodes were collected from the intestine of smallmouth yellowfish, Labeobarbus aeneus (Burchell). The trematodes were confirmed to represent a member of Allocreadium and did not match any existing taxon. Therefore, they are described as a new species, Allocreadium apokryfi sp. n. The morphology of the new species most closely resembles that of Allocreadium aswanense El-Naffar, Saoud et Hassan, 1984, but it differs from it by having a bipartite internal seminal vesicle, wider eggs, a shorter intertesticular distance, an intestinal bifurcation at the ventral sucker level, a ventral sucker that is larger than the oral sucker, and a genital pore near the intestinal bifurcation or the ventral sucker. The surface topology of the new species is notably different from that of other allocreadiids. Papillae were observed in the ventral sucker and surrounding both ventral and oral suckers, but the number and arrangement of the latter were not consistent among specimens. The protruding cirrus of A. apokryfi sp.n. was described using SEM and is the first such observation for the genus. Genetic characterisation showed that the new species was clearly distinct from other Allocreadium spp. using both 18S (nucleotide difference 1.3–9.1%) and 28S (4.7–6.5%) rDNA, forming a well-supported clade in Allocreadium. The presence of A. apokryfi sp.n. in a well-studied river is unexpected, and considering the diet of its host and the scarcity of Allocreadium in Africa, the possible biology of this species is discussed herein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalFolia Parasitologica
Volume68
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • 18S rDNA
  • 28S rDNA
  • Africa
  • SEM
  • Smallmouth yellowfish
  • Trematoda
  • endoparasitic helminths
  • taxonomic key

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Morphological and molecular description of Allocreadium apokryfi sp. n. (Digenea: Allocreadiidae) from native Labeobarbus aeneus (Cyprinidae) in South Africa, including notes on its biology, evolutionary history and an updated key of African Allocreadium'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this