Monogenean parasites from fishes of the Vaal Dam, Gauteng Province, South Africa II. New locality records

Dionne Crafford, Wilmien Luus-Powell, Annemariè Avenant-Oldewage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Baseline information on parasitic infections, including monogenean infections on wild fishes, may aid in implementation of proactive measures as opposed to reactive research aimed at crisis control with reference to future aquaculture applications. The aim of this project was to examine the freshwater monogenean fauna of the Vaal Dam, Vaal River system, South Africa. This short communication reports on infection statistics for monogenean species, some representing new locality records. Parasites were collected from host species other than Labeo spp. from the Vaal Dam, during a summer (January 2010) survey. Fish collected using gill nets of varying mesh sizes were weighed and measured. Mucous smears were prepared from the skin and fins with the aid of microscope slides. Fish were killed humanely by severing the spinal cord behind the head. Gills were carefully removed and divided into areas which were separately scraped to investigate potential parasite site preference. The areas examined were dorsal, median and ventral positions on both the anterior and posterior hemibranch. Both mucous smears and gill scrapings were examined with the aid of a stereo microscope. More parasites were collected from the first or second gill arches, the medial position on the gill, and the anterior hemibranch. Preference for either left or right gill set was inconclusive. Spatial distribution of parasites is thought to result from water flow over the gills during respiration. This paper reports a new locality record for the following monogenean species: Quadriacanthus aegypticus, Dactylogyrus extensus, Dactylogyrus minitus, Gyrodactylus kherulensis and Dactylogyrus lamellatus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-492
Number of pages8
JournalActa Parasitologica
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014

Keywords

  • Dactylogurus lammelatus
  • Dactylogyrus extensus
  • Dactylogyrus minutus
  • Gyrodactylus kherulensis
  • Quadriacanthus aegypticus
  • Vaal Dam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology

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