Molecular phylogenetics of Thymelaeaceae with particular reference to African and Australian genera

M. Van Der Bank, M. F. Fay, M. W. Chase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Phylogenetic relationships of the African and Australian Thymelaeaceae were investigated by parsimony analysis of 41 rbcL nucleotide sequences, including 27 genera and several outgroup taxa. In a second analysis, plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacer sequences for the same taxa were included as well. The results from the separate analyses produced highly congruent, although not identical, results. Lastly we combined both sequence regions in one analysis to improve resolution and support. Thymelaeaceae are monophyletic with Thymelaeoideae, Aquilarioideae, Gonystyloideae and Gilgiodaphnoideae clearly recognised. Gonystylus and Lethedon are grouped together, contrary to previous studies that placed Lethedon in Aquilarioideae. The molecular evidence does not support monophyly of the largely African genus Gnidia; at least four major lineages could be identified. Pimelea (Australian) is embedded within one of these lineages, and the others are more closely related to Drapetes (New Zealand and South America), Struthiola, Passerina and Lachnaea (all African).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-339
Number of pages11
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Aquilarioideae
  • Gilgiodaphnoideae
  • Gonystyloideae
  • Thymelaeaceae
  • Thymelaeoideae
  • rbcL
  • trnL-F

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science


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