MOFs as Versatile Catalysts: Synthesis Strategies and Applications in Value-Added Compound Production

Rahime Eshaghi Malekshah, Mojtaba Moharramnejad, Sajjad Gharanli, Mehrnaz Shahi, Ali Ehsani, Jebiti Haribabu, Hassan Ouachtak, Babak Mirtamizdoust, Khanita Kamwilaisak, Mika Sillanpää, Hadi Erfani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Catalysts played a crucial role in advancing modern human civilization, from ancient times to the industrial revolution. Due to high cost and limited availability of traditional catalysts, there is a need to develop cost-effective, high-activity, and nonprecious metal-based electrocatalysts. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as an ideal candidate for heterogeneous catalysis due to their physicochemical properties, hybrid inorganic/organic structures, uncoordinated metal sites, and accessible organic sections. MOFs are high nanoporous crystalline materials that can be used as catalysts to facilitate polymerization reactions. Their chemical and structural diversity make them effective for various reactions compared to traditional catalysts. MOFs have been applied in gas storage and separation, ion-exchange, drug delivery, luminescence, sensing, nanofilters, water purification, and catalysis. The review focuses on MOF-enabled heterogeneous catalysis for value-added compound production, including alcohol oxidation, olefin oligomerization, and polymerization reactions. MOFs offer tunable porosity, high spatial density, and single-crystal XRD control over catalyst properties. In this review, MOFs were focused on reactions of CO2 fixation, CO2 reduction, and photoelectrochemical water splitting. Overall, MOFs have great potential as versatile catalysts for diverse applications in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31600-31619
Number of pages20
JournalACS Omega
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sept 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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