Modelling of Aminothiophene-Carbonitrile Derivatives as Potential Drug Candidates for Hepatitis B and C

Innocent Benjamin, Terkumbur E. Gber, Hitler Louis, Tabe N. Ntui, Emmanuella I. Oyo-Ita, Tomsmith O. Unimuke, Moses M. Edim, Adedapo S. Adeyinka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the availability of safe and efficient vaccines, hepatic diseases caused by Hepatitis B and C virus infection afflict about 250 million people and result in over 800,000 fatalities each year. Known antihepatitic drugs have substantial drawbacks and do not completely eradicate the virus from infected cells. Therefore, the need for investigating molecules with respect to curbing hepatitis becomes a necessity. Basic molecular electronic characteristics of 2-amino-4-phenylthiophene-3-carbonitrile and 2-amino-4-(-chlorophenyl) thiophene-3-carbonitrile, denoted as A1 and A2, were investigated employing Density Functional Theory (DFT) optimized at the M06-2x/6-311 + + G(d,p) level. The compounds were synthesized by condensing p-aminoacetophenone and malononitrile in toluene and analysed using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopic techniques. Molecular electronic properties including chemical reactivity/stability, natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis, and nonlinear optical properties were examined to elucidate its application. The experimental vibrational specificities were compared with theoretically computed wavenumbers based on normal modes of vibration. Interestingly the studied compounds were subjected for molecular docking assay against RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (NS5B) proteins of hepatitis B and C variant and compared with conventional drugs. Relative binding affinity score of above − 6.10 kcal/mol validated by favourable number of hydrogen bond were observed implying great inhibitory potency against hepatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1399-1412
Number of pages14
JournalIranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction A: Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • DFT
  • Hepatitis
  • Molecular docking
  • Synthesis
  • Thiophene carbonitrile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Mathematics
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Modelling of Aminothiophene-Carbonitrile Derivatives as Potential Drug Candidates for Hepatitis B and C'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this