Modelling of aluminium composite consolidated with spark plasma sintering

Chika Oliver Ujah, Patricia Popoola, Olawale Popoola, Victor Aigbodion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminium-based composite processed with spark plasma sintering was modelled with COMSOL Multiphysics. This was aimed at investigating the effect of the SPS process parameters on thermal and mechanical stresses induced in the sintered Al-CNTs-Nb composite samples. The modelling employed optimal parameters used in the laboratory to fabricate the samples. The physics included electro-thermo-mechanical coupling. The geometry was 2D axisymmetric while the parameters were based on temperature-dependent properties. Only the consolidated sample was modelled and simulated to simplify the modelling. Results obtained showed that the simultaneous heating and application of pressure enhanced the sintering efficiency and the properties of the product. The least von Mises stress as well as least thermal stress were obtained at a pressure of 30 MPa as against 20 MPa and 10 MPa. This implied that higher pressure produced lower stresses. Therefore, it can be concluded that high sintering pressure reduces mechanical and thermal stresses and improves the properties of the composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2511-2522
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number9-12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminium composite
  • COMSOL Multiphysics
  • Electrical coupling
  • Mechanical coupling
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Thermal stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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