Modeling and simulation of a Renzoku puzzle pattern-based PV array configuration for a partially shaded PV system

Belqasem Aljafari, Praveen Kumar Balachandran, Devakirubakaran Samithas, Sudhakar Babu Thanikanti, Nnamdi I. Nwulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The world depends heavily on electrical energy for accessing technologies. For the generation of electricity, technology can utilize renewable energy sources like solar energy and wind energy. Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems occupy space among consumers due to their feasibility, flexibility, cost, and simple implementation procedures. The solar PV system experiences many factors causing power loss like partial shading, hotspots, and diode failure. In this work, a new static PV array configuration, named Renzoku puzzle pattern-based array configuration, is proposed. This proposed configuration technique was designed to overcome the drawbacks of the previously proposed array configurations in terms of power generation, fewer mismatch losses, a high shade-dispersion rate, and consistent performance under any level of partial shading. The proposed array configuration has been validated using both simulation and hardware. The simulation is carried out in a 9 × 9 PV array in MATLAB/Simulink®. The performance analysis, results, and corresponding characteristic curves are presented in this manuscript.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1335111
JournalFrontiers in Energy Research
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • compensation current
  • mismatch loss
  • partial shading
  • photovoltaic effect
  • puzzle pattern
  • reconfiguration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Economics and Econometrics


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