Mno2 @reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite-based electrochemical sensor for the simultaneous determination of trace cd(Ii), zn(ii) and cu(ii) in water samples

Siyamthanda Hope Mnyipika, Tshimangadzo Saddam Munonde, Philiswa Nosizo Nomngongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rapid detection of trace metals is one of the most important aspect in achieving environmental monitoring and protection. Electrochemical sensors remain a key solution for rapid detection of heavy metals in environmental water matrices. This paper reports the fabrication of an electrochemical sensor obtained by the simultaneous electrodeposition of MnO2 nanoparticles and RGO nanosheets on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode. The successful electrodeposition was confirmed by the enhanced current response on the cyclic voltammograms. The XRD, HR-SEM/EDX, TEM, FTIR, and BET characterization confirmed the successful synthesis of MnO2 nanoparticles, RGO nanosheets, and MnO2 @RGO nanocomposite. The electrochemical studies results revealed that MnO2 @RGO@GCE nanocomposite considerably improved the current response on the detection of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) ions in surface water. These remarkable improvements were due to the interaction between MnO2 nanomaterials and RGO nanosheets. Moreover, the modified sensor electrode portrayed high sensitivity, reproducibility, and stability on the simultaneous determination of Zn(II), Cd(II), and Cu(II) ions. The detection limits of (S/N = 3) ranged from 0.002–0.015 µg L−1 for the simultaneous detection of Zn(II), Cd(II), and Cu(II) ions. The results show that MnO2 @RGO nanocomposite can be successfully used for the early detection of heavy metals with higher sensitivity in water sample analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number517
JournalMembranes
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry
  • Glassy carbon electrode
  • MnO @RGO@GCE
  • Surface water
  • Trace metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation

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