Mitochondrial dynamics (fission and fusion) and collagen production in a rat model of diabetic wound healing treated by photobiomodulation: comparison of 904 nm laser and 850 nm light-emitting diode (LED)

José Carlos Tatmatsu-Rocha, Carla Roberta Tim, Lucimar Avo, Rubens Bernardes-Filho, Patricia Brassolatti, Hueliton Wilian Kido, Michael R. Hamblin, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with the development of diabetes mellitus which is characterized by disorders of collagen production and impaired wound healing. This study analyzed the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM) mediated by laser and light-emitting diode (LED) on the production and organization of collagen fibers in an excisional wound in an animal model of diabetes, and the correlation with inflammation and mitochondrial dynamics. Methods: Twenty Wistar rats were randomized into 4 groups of 5 animals. Groups: (SHAM) a control non-diabetic wounded group with no treatment; (DC) a diabetic wounded group with no treatment; (DLASER) a diabetic wounded group irradiated by 904 nm pulsed laser (40 mW, 9500 Hz, 1 min, 2.4 J); (DLED) a diabetic wounded group irradiated by continuous wave LED 850 nm (48 mW, 22 s, 1.0 J). Diabetes was induced by injection with streptozotocin (70 mg/kg). PBM was carried out daily for 5 days followed by sacrifice and tissue removal. Results: Collagen fibers in diabetic wounded skin were increased by DLASER but not by DLED. Both groups showed increased blood vessels by atomic force microscopy. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was higher and cyclooxygenase (COX2) was lower in the DLED group. Mitochondrial fusion was higher and mitochondrial fusion was lower in DLED compared to DLASER. Conclusion: Differences observed between DLASER and DLED may be due to the pulsed laser and CW LED, and to the higher dose of laser. Regulation of mitochondrial homeostasis may be an important mechanism for PBM effects in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Collagen fibers
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetic wound healing
  • Laser versus LED
  • Mitochondrial fission and fusion
  • Photobiomodulation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging

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