## Abstract

We introduce one of many classes of problems which can be defined in terms of 3-valued functions on the vertices of a graph G = (V,E) of the form f : V → {-1,0,1}. Such a function is said to be a minus dominating function if the sum of its function values over any closed neighborhood is at least one. That is, for every v ∈ V, f(N[v])≥1, where N[v] consists of v and every vertex adjacent to v. The weight of a minus dominating function is f(V) = ∑ f(v), over all vertices v ∈ V. The minus domination number of a graph G, denoted γ^{-}(G), equals the minimum weight of a minus dominating function of G. For every graph G, γ^{-}(G)≤γ(G) where γ(G) denotes the domination number of G. We show that if T is a tree of order n≥4, then γ(T)-γ^{-}(T)≤(n-4)/5 and this bound is sharp. We attempt to classify graphs according to their minus domination numbers. For each integer n we determine the smallest order of a connected graph with minus domination number equal to n. Properties of the minus domination number of a graph are presented and a number of open questions are raised.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 35-47 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Discrete Mathematics |

Volume | 199 |

Issue number | 1-3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 28 Mar 1999 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Minus dominating function
- Trees

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics