Mineralogy monitoring and characterization of the springbok coalfields coal

Patience L. Sekatane, Mamookho E. Makhatha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


In this study, the Springbok coalfields coal samples were collected and subjected to different temperatures ranging between 700-900 °C under nitrogen atmosphere in order to investigate the effect of combustion on the mineral changes. The proximate analysis, calorific value of both raw samples and combusted were carried out. Characterisation and mineralogy of samples (1426, 1427, 1428 and 1429) carried out by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, FTIR and SEM incorporated with EDS. Calorific value (CV) ranging from 14.7 MJ/Kg to maximum 22.4 MJ/Kg, with 1427 having the highest CV and 1428 having the lowest CV. Inherent moisture, volatile matter, ash content and fixed carbon of 1427 after proximate analysis were 2.4%, 29%, 32.1% and 22.4 MJ/Kg respectively. The XRF and EDS results reveals on the raw samples considerable amount of impurities such as Si, Al, Fe and S while XRD denote the presence of SiO2 and Al2O3 in the form of quartz and Kaolinite associated with Fe2O3 and FeS2. The SEM micrograph shows that the carbon form layered structure like while the IR spectra of coals revealed C=C stretching at (1529 - 1715 cm-1) and O-H bonds on 700 and 900 cm-1. The product from the combustion show considerable changes in the mineralogical structure with the formation of beta cristobalite and mullite which may have a negative effect on the calorific value of coal.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation and Accreditation in Geosciences; Environmental Legislation, Multilateral Relations And Funding Opportunities
PublisherInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9786197408263
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2017 - Albena, Bulgaria
Duration: 29 Jun 20175 Jul 2017

Publication series

NameInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM
ISSN (Print)1314-2704


Conference17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2017


  • Calorific value
  • Characterisation
  • Coal quality
  • Combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology


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