Microwave spin resonance investigation on the effect of the post-processing annealing of CoFe2O4nanoparticles

Prashant Kumar, Saurabh Pathak, Arjun Singh, H. Khanduri, G. A. Basheed, Lan Wang, R. P. Pant

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33 Citations (Scopus)


A novel investigation on the finite-size effects on the spin resonance properties of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles has been performed using a room temperature ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) technique. A single broad spectrum was obtained for the CoFe2O4nanoparticle samples, which indicated that all the samples were showing ferromagnetic characteristics. An asymmetric FMR line shape with a hefty trailing section was obtained due to the high magneto-crystalline anisotropy in CoFe2O4nanoparticles, which changed with the size distribution. The resonance field for the samples shifted to a higher value due to the increase in the magneto-crystalline anisotropy in the CoFe2O4nanoparticles with an increase in size. A systematic change in the resonance field and line width was observed with the change in the size distribution of the particles. Initially, it decreased with an increase in the size of the particles and increased after the critical size range. The critical size range is the imprint of the shift of the magnetic domain from a single domain to multi domain. The line width increased at higher annealing temperatures due to the enhancement in the dipole-dipole interaction, which led to a higher spin concentration as well as magneto-crystalline anisotropy. Furthermore, the saturation magnetization (Ms) as well as ‘Mr/Ms’ increased from 37.7 to 71.4 emu g−1and 0.06 to 0.31, respectively. The highest coercivity (750.9 Oe) and anisotropy constant (4.62 × 104erg cm−3) were found for the sample annealed at 700 °C, which can be corroborated by the literature as the critical annealing temperature at which CoFe2O4nanoparticles shift from single domain nanoparticles to multi-domain nanoparticles. Post-processing annealing is critical in advanced processing techniques and spin dynamics plays a vital role in various interdisciplinary areas of applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1939-1948
Number of pages10
JournalNanoscale Advances
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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