Microstructure and mechanical behavior of stir-cast Zn–27Al based composites reinforced with rice husk ash, silicon carbide, and graphite

Kenneth Kanayo Alaneme, Olusola Joseph Ajayi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The microstructure and mechanical properties of Zn–27Al based composites reinforced with rice husk ash (RHA), silicon carbide (SiC), and graphite (Cg) particles have been investigated. The Zn–27Al composites consisting of varied weight ratios of the reinforcing materials were produced using the stir casting process. Hardness test, tensile properties evaluation, fracture toughness determination, and microstructural examination, were used to characterize the composites produced. Results show that the microstructures of the composites are similar, consisting of the dendritic structure of the Zn–27Al alloy matrix with fine dispersion of the reinforcing particles. The hardness of the composites decreased with increase in the weight percent of RHA (and corresponding decrease in SiC weight percent) in the reinforcement. The tensile strength and yield strength decreased slightly with increase in the weight ratio of RHA in the composites with a maximum of 8.5% and 9.6% reductions respectively observed for as much as 40% RHA (corresponding to 40% reduction in SiC) in the hybrid reinforcement. Although some of the composite compositions containing RHA had slightly higher % elongation values compared with those without RHA, it was generally observed that the % elongation was invariant to the composite RHA content. The fracture toughness of the composites increases with increase in the weight percent of RHA with as much as a 20% increase obtained for as much as 40% RHA (corresponding to 40% reduction in SiC) in the hybrid reinforcement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)172-177
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of King Saud University, Engineering Sciences
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hybrid composites
  • Mechanical properties
  • Reinforcing particles
  • Rice husk ash
  • Stir casting
  • Zn–27Al alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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