Microstructural characterization and tensile behavior of Nd:YAG laser beam welded thin high strength low alloy steel sheets

R. Ramesh, I. Dinaharan, R. Ravikumar, E. T. Akinlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Laser beam welding (LBW) has many advantages to join high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels compared with conventional fusion welding processes. The present work is focused on joining HSLA plates of 2 mm thickness efficiently through the application of Nd:YAG laser source. Only one process variable i.e. the welding speed was operated between 70 mm/s to 120 mm/s while the rest of the variables were maintained constant. The microstructure evolution of the fusion zone was recorded through optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The fusion zone was observed to be wider but no major defects were present. Fusion zone experienced a change in morphology of ferrite and pearlite depending upon the rate of cooling and exposure time. Fusion zone showcased various ferrites such as acicular ferrite, widmanstatten ferrite, and grain boundary ferrite. Advancement in the welding speed helped in the formation of acicular ferrite. EBSD results presented a descending tendency of prior austenite grain size against increasing welding speed. TEM micrographs affirmed the ferrite transformation and showed the presence of dense dislocations. The changes in hardness and tensile behavior under the experimental conditions were further reported.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139178
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2020


  • High strength low alloy steel
  • Laser beam welding
  • Microstructure
  • Tensile strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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