Microstructural and corrosion behaviours of dissimilar friction stir welded aluminium alloys

Benjamin I. Attah, Rasaq O. Medupin, Tertsegha D. Ipilakyaa, Uzoma G. Okoro, Oyewole Adedipe, Gowon Sule, Omolayo Michael Ikumapayi, Katsina C. Bala, Esther T. Akinlabi, Sunday A. Lawal, Asipita S. Abdulrahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, the friction stir welding (FSW) process was employed to investigate the effect of tool geometry on the corrosion behaviour and microstructure of friction stir welded AA7075-7651 and AA1200-H19 using Central Composite Design. The workpieces were machined and welded, and the interfaces were milled. A 2-level full factorial experimental design was deployed using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). A rotational speed of 1500 rpm, welding speed of 30, 60, and 90 mm/min, and a 2 tilt angle of the tool with a plunge force of 7 kN were utilized. The results show that regardless of the tool geometry, multi-response optimum weldment can be achieved at 60 mm/min welding speed and a tilt angle. The microstructure of the optimal weldments presents an 'onion ring'pattern, indicating proper mixing of the alloys during FSW. Analysis of the corrosion behaviour revealed a decrease in the polarization resistance when the transverse speed increased from 30 to 90 mm/min, as polarization resistance has a direct relationship with corrosion rate. It can be concluded that FSW ensures excellent weldment, as evident in the microstructural evolution of the resulting weldments, and that tool geometry plays a significant role in the corrosion inhibition efficiency of the alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalManufacturing Review
Publication statusPublished - 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminium alloy
  • Central composite design
  • Corrosion behaviour
  • Friction stir welding
  • Microstructure properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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