Metal-Doped Al12N12X (X = Na, Mg, K) Nanoclusters as Nanosensors for Carboplatin: Insight from First-Principles Computation

Hitler Louis, Gideon E. Mathias, Onyinye J. Ikenyirimba, Tomsmith O. Unimuke, Daniel Etiese, Adedapo S. Adeyinka

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31 Citations (Scopus)


This theoretical study focuses on the adsorption, reactivity, topological analysis, and sensing behavior of metal-doped (K, Na, and Mg) aluminum nitride (Al12N12) nanoclusters using the first-principle density functional theory (DFT). All quantum chemical reactivity, natural bond orbital (NBO), free energies (ΔG, ΔH), and sensor parameters were investigated using the ωB97XD functional with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The trapping of carboplatin (cbp) onto the surfaces of doped Al12N12 was studied using four functionals PBE0-D3, M062X-D3, ωB97XD, and B3LYP-D3 at the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. Overall, the substantial change in the energy gap of the surfaces after the adsorption process affects the work function, field emission, and the electrical conductivity of the doped clusters, hence making the studied surfaces a better sensor material for detecting carboplatin. Higher free energies of solvation were obtained in polar solvents compared to nonpolar solvents. Moreover, negative solvation energies and adsorption energies were obtained, which therefore shows that the engineered surfaces are highly efficient in trapping carboplatin. The relatively strong adsorption energies show that the mechanism of adsorption is by chemisorption, and K- and Na-doped metal clusters acted as better sensors for carboplatin. Also, the topological analysis in comparison to previous studies shows that the nanoclusters exhibited very high stability with regard to their relevant binding energies and hydrogen bond interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5066-5080
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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