Media jihad conundrum in Nigeria: A review of military-media relations vis-à-vis boko haram

Legend L.E. Asuelime, Raquel A. Asuelime

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to explore the conundrum in military-media relations in Nigeria with regards to access and dissemination of strategic and tactical information that impacts counterterrorism efforts. Is there a line between media responsibility to report and the gathering and dissemination of strategic and tactical military information not meant for public consumption but filters to terrorists who are also members of the 'public'? Most times, such publications potentially afford Boko Haram terrorists prior notice of military plans, giving them early warnings that compromise military counter offensive. The paper is based on a study of academic and grey literature, official documents and journalistic coverage. The paper concludes that the Nigerian security forces have tried and failed to clamp down on tactical and strategic information in media reports that compromise its counterterrorism efforts in Nigeria - therefore the state should consider adopting Sri Lankan consequentialist approach to the existential problem. To address this conundrum, it is recommended that the Nigerian authority and its military architecture should adopt a State Consequential Approach on Terrorism and media issues; re-invent its Strategic Communication; Re-establishment of security and intelligence coordination; Develop an image recovery plan by raising quality standards, seek foreign support, and enact terrorism-related media legislations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-22
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of African Films and Diaspora Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021


  • Boko Haram
  • Counterterrorism
  • Media
  • Media Jihad
  • Media Terrorism
  • Military
  • Nigeria
  • Sri Lanka
  • Terrorism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Linguistics and Language


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