Measuring intrapreneurship at the individual level: Development and validation of the Employee Intrapreneurship Scale (EIS)

Jason C. Gawke, Marjan J. Gorgievski, Arnold B. Bakker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although employees are recognized to be key for organizational new venture creation and strategic renewal (i.e., intrapreneurship), the current literature on intrapreneurship from an individual-level perspective is fragmented, and a valid measurement instrument is lacking. We address this gap and start with presenting a review of the current literature on employee intrapreneurship. Based on this review we define employee intrapreneurship as an agentic and strategic work behavior aimed at new venture creation and strategic renewal. Next, two studies are presented aimed at developing and validating a measurement instrument that captures employee venture behavior and strategic renewal behavior as two facets of employee intrapreneurship: the Employee Intrapreneurship Scale (EIS). In Study 1, the EIS was created and its factorial validity examined in three departments of a public organization (total N = 1,475). In Study 2, using a sample of private sector employees (N = 243), the convergent and discriminant validity of the EIS was tested using self-ratings of personal initiative, reward sensitivity, and punishment sensitivity, as well as their innovativeness and risk-taking behavior as rated by a close colleague. The results indicate that the Employee Intrapreneurship Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for capturing employee intrapreneurship in multiple contexts. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)806-817
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Management Journal
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Innovation
  • Intrapreneurship
  • Proactive work behavior
  • Strategic renewal
  • Venture creation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management

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