Magnetic mesoporous carbon/β-cyclodextrin–chitosan nanocomposite for extraction and preconcentration of multi-class emerging contaminant residues in environmental samples

Geaneth Pertunia Mashile, Anele Mpupa, Philiswa Nosizo Nomngongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports the development of magnetic solid-phase extraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography for the determination of ten trace amounts of emerging contaminants (fluoroquinolone antibiotics, parabens, anticonvulsants and β-blockers) in water systems. Magnetic mesoporous carbon/β-cyclodextrin–chitosan (MMPC/Cyc-Chit) was used as an adsorbent in dispersive magnetic solid-phase extraction (DMSPE). The magnetic solid-phase extraction method was optimized using central composite design. Under the optimum conditions, the limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.1 to 0.7 ng L−1, 0.5 to 1.1 ng L−1 and 0.2 to 0.8 ng L−1 for anticonvulsants and β-blockers, fluoroquinolone and parabens, respectively. Relatively good dy-namic linear ranges were obtained for all the investigated analytes. The repeatability (n = 7) and reproducibility (n = 5) were less than 5%, while the enrichment factors ranged between 90 and 150. The feasibility of the method in real samples was assessed by analysis of river water, tap water and wastewater samples. The recoveries for the investigated analytes in the real samples ranged from 93.5 to 98.8%, with %RSDs under 4%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number540
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Anticonvulsants and β-blockers
  • Fluoroquinolone
  • Global concentration
  • Mesoporous carbon
  • Parabens
  • β-cyclodextrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

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