Magnetic field application and its potential in water and wastewater treatment systems

Nur Syamimi Zaidi, Johan Sohaili, Khalida Muda, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

216 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review is intended to critically convey information on water magnetization and to discuss each application that employs magnetic field as an aid in wastewater treatment. The magnetically assisted wastewater treatments are presented and compared in terms of performances with those of conventional treatment systems. The advantages and limitations of magnetic field application are discussed in order to evaluate their environmental benefits. The main conclusion from the literature review is that magnetic field application has the potential to improve the physical performance in terms of solid-liquid separation mainly through aggregation of colloidal particles. The application is also significant in influencing the biological properties through the improvement of bacterial activity. Both of these enhancements lead towards increase in efficiency of the water and wastewater treatment performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-240
Number of pages35
JournalSeparation and Purification Reviews
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Magnetic field
  • aggregation
  • performance efficiency
  • solid-liquid separation
  • water and wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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