Magnetic cellulose-chitosan nanocomposite for simultaneous removal of emerging contaminants: Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies

Phodiso Prudence Mashile, Philiswa Nosizo Nomngongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence of pharmaceuticals in water systems threatens both terrestrial and aquatic life across the globe. Some of such contaminants are β-blockers and anticonvulsants, which have been constantly detected in different water systems. Various methodologies have been introduced for the removal of these emerging pollutants from different waters. Among them, adsorption using nanomaterials has proved to be an efficient and cost-effective process for the removal of pharmaceuticals from contaminated water. In this this study, a firsthand/time approach applying a recyclable magnetic cellulose-chitosan nanocomposite for effective simultaneous removal of two β-blockers (atenolol (ATN)) and propranolol (PRP) and an anticonvulsant (carbamazepine (CBZ)) is reported. A detailed characterization of the eco-friendly, biocompatible cellulose-chitosan nanocomposite with magnetic properties was performed at various rates of synthesis using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. A N2c adsorption-desorption test showed that the prepared nanocomposite is mesoporous, with a BET area of 112 m2 g−1 . The BET isotherms results showed that the magnetic cellulose-chitosan nanocomposite has a pore size of 24.1 nm. The adsorption equilibrium of PRP and CBZ fitted with the Langmuir isotherm was consistent with the highest coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.9945) and (R2 = 0.9942), respectively, while the Sips model provided a better fit for ATN, with a coefficient of determination R2 = 0.9956. The adsorption rate was accompanied by a pseudo-second-order kinetics. Moreover, the swelling test showed that up to 100 percent swelling of the magnetic cellulose-chitosan nanocomposite was achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number190
JournalGels
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Atenolol
  • Carbamazepine
  • Hydrogel
  • Propranolol
  • Swelling
  • Water system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Magnetic cellulose-chitosan nanocomposite for simultaneous removal of emerging contaminants: Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium studies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this