Machine Learning-Based Imputation Approach with Dynamic Feature Extraction for Wireless RAN Performance Data Preprocessing

Jean Nestor M. Dahj, Kingsley A. Ogudo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Machine learning (ML) in wireless mobile communication is becoming more and more customary, with application trends leaning toward performance improvement and network automation. The radio access network (RAN), critical for service access, frequently generates performance data that mobile network operators (MNOs) and researchers leverage for planning, self-optimization, and intelligent network operations. However, missing values in the RAN performance data, as in any valuable data, impact analysis. Poor handling of such missing data in the RAN can distort the relationships between different metrics, leading to inaccurate and unreliable conclusions and predictions. Therefore, there is a need for imputation methods that preserve the overall structure of the RAN data to an optimal level. In this study, we present an imputation approach for handling RAN performance missing data based on machine learning algorithms. The method customizes the feature-extraction mechanism by using dynamic correlation analysis. We apply the method to actual RAN performance indicator data to evaluate its performance. We finally compare and evaluate the proposed approach with statistical imputation techniques such as the mean, median, and mode. The results show that machine learning-based imputation, as approached in this experimental study, preserves some relationships between KPIs compared to non-ML techniques. Random Forest regressor gave the best performance in imputing the data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1161
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • data imputation
  • data preprocessing
  • machine learning (ML)
  • mobile network operators (MNOs)
  • radio access network (RAN)
  • telecommunications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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