Machinability studies and optimization of aa 6082/fly ash/carbonized eggshell matrix composite

Ndudim H. Ononiwu, Chigbogu G. Ozoegwu, Nkosinathi Madushele, Esther T. Akinlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Machinability studies of aluminium matrix composites (AMCs) is a necessary investigation required to understand their behaviour during machining to produce components effectively and efficiently. This established need has led to the investigation into the machinability of AA 6082 reinforced with 2.5 wt.% fly ash and 2.5 wt.% carbonized eggshell fabricated via stir casting. The studied machinability indices were material removal rate (MRR), cutting temperature, built-up edges (BUE) formation and chip morphology while the selected inputs were cutting speed (100 mm/min, 200 mm/min, 300 mm/min), feed (0.1 mm/rev, 0.2 mm/rev, 0.3 mm/rev) and depth of cut (0.5 mm, 1 mm, 1.5 mm). For the experimental design, the L9 orthogonal array was preferred to create 9 experimental runs. The analysis of the built-up edges showed that it increased at lower cutting speeds and increased feed and depth of cut. The examination of the produced chips after each experimental run showed the presence of c-shaped, helically shaped and ribbon-shaped chips. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) for both MRR and cutting temperature indicated that the depth of cut was the most influential factor on both responses. Multi-objective optimization using desirability function analysis showed that the optimum combination of parameters was 300 mm/min, 0.2 mm/rev and 1.0 mm for the cutting speed, feed and depth of cut respectively. The ANOVA of the composite desirability indicated that the cutting speed was the most contributing factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-216
Number of pages10
JournalRevue des Composites et des Materiaux Avances
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Aluminium matrix composites
  • BUE
  • Chip morphology
  • Desirability function analysis
  • MRR; cutting temperature
  • Machinability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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