Lower limits on ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray and jet powers of TeV blazars

Soebur Razzaque, Charles D. Dermer, Justin D. Finke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Lower limits on the power emitted in ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), which are assumed to be protons with energy ≳ 1017-10 20eV, are derived for TeV blazars with the assumption that the observed TeV γ-rays are generated due to interactions of these protons with cosmic microwave photons. The limits depend on the spectrum of the injected UHECR protons. While for a -2.2 injection spectrum the lower limits on the powers emitted in UHECRs by 1ES 0229+200, 1ES 1101-232, and 1ES 0347-121 are lower than their respective synchrotron luminosities (1046ergs -1), in the case of 1ES 1426+428 it exceeds the corresponding synchrotron luminosity by up to an order of magnitude. The proposed Auger North Observatory should be able to detect 4 × 1019eV cosmic-ray (CR) protons from 1ES 1426+428 within a few years of operation and test the TeV γ-ray production model by UHECR energy losses while propagating along the line of sight or constrain the intergalactic magnetic field to be larger than 10-16G in case of no detection. The lower limits on the apparent-isotropic jet power from accelerated 1010-1020eV proton spectra in the blazar jet is of the order of the Eddington luminosity of a 109 M ̇ black hole for a CR injection spectrum -2.2 or harder for all blazars considered except for 1ES 1426+428. In the case of the latter, the apparent-isotropic jet power exceeds the Eddington luminosity by an order of magnitude. For an injection spectrum softer than -2.2, as is required to fit the observed CR data above 1017-1018eV, the Eddington luminosity is exceeded by the lower limits on the jet power for all blazars considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number196
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • cosmic rays
  • galaxies: active
  • gamma rays: ISM
  • gamma rays: galaxies
  • gamma rays: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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