Low-cost automatic multi-axis solar tracking system for performance improvement in vertical support solar panels using Arduino board

Timothy Laseinde, Dominic Ramere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solar irradiation is a green and sustainable renewable energy source which is largely harnessed through photovoltaic and thermal cell surfaces. It is one of the fastest growing clean power technologies with high-global growth figures, due to its simplicity, affordability and abundant availability. Solar power systems is one of the fastest growing interventions augmenting fossil power and its application is now expanding beyond domestic utilization to commercial and industrial dependence. Due to continuous change in the position of the sun together with other salient factors, only a fraction of the suns energy potential is harnessed. The paper is focused on sharing an optimization option that has effectively addressed a major gap experienced in conventional solar power system installation as applicable to light emitting diodes traffic light systems. The continuous movement of the sun limits maximum sun light irradiation absorption and solar trackers are practical solutions to this drawback. The high cost of solar trackers has however been the major limitation to their adoption. The Introduction of microcontroller-based solar tracking systems using Arduino board was found to be cost effective, and it improved the efficiency of the solar cells significantly. In the study, the maximum power point tracking algorithm was designed and developed using multiple-axis servo-motor feedback tracking system, which increased the efficiency of the solar panel array by 23.95%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Arduino board
  • low cost
  • optimization
  • solar irradiation
  • solar power
  • solar tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • General Environmental Science

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