Long-distance dispersal events rather than growth habit and life-history traits affect diversification rate in tribe Apieae (Apiaceae)

Kamil E. Frankiewicz, Lukasz Banasiak, Alexei Oskolski, Jean Pierre Reduron, Jorge Alfredo Reyes-Betancort, Mohammed Alsarraf, Paulina Trzeciak, Krzysztof Spalik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Factors influencing diversification rates may be of intrinsic (e.g. morphological novelties) or extrinsic (e.g. long-distance dispersal, availability of ecological niches) nature. Growth habit may influence diversification rates because herbaceous plants often have shorter generation times and a more pronounced r reproductive strategy than their woody relatives. We examined life history and habit evolution, wood anatomy and biogeographical history of Apiaceae tribe Apieae in conjunction with diversification rate analysis to explore which factors may have affected clade species richness and to elucidate the constraints on the evolution of secondary woodiness in this group. We demonstrate that diversification rates are similar in morphologically homogeneous and diverse clades and in herbaceous and woody lineages. The only clade with a significantly elevated diversification rate is Southern Hemisphere Apium, in which diversity probably resulted from several long-distance dispersal events. We also show that wood anatomy in herbaceous and woody species does not differ considerably regardless of their continental or insular origin, but it is affected by stem architecture and plant reproductive strategy. As the taxonomy of Apieae suffers from inflation with numerous monotypic genera, we propose to include Canaria in Rutheopsis, and Foeniculum, Schoenoselinum, Ridolfia and Pseudoridolfia in Anethum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-25
Number of pages25
JournalBotanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Apium
  • Billburttia
  • Deverra
  • biogeography
  • derived woodiness
  • insular woodiness
  • net speciation
  • pervasive parenchyma
  • secondary woodiness
  • taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science


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