Lean and agile integration within offsite construction using discrete event simulation A systematic literature review

Sherif Mostafa, Nicholas Chileshe, Tariq Abdelhamid

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose-The purpose of this study is to systematically analyse and synthesise the existing research published on offsite manufacturing/construction. The study aims to highlight and associate the core elements for adopting the offsite concept in different construction contexts. This ultimately facilitates the enhancement of the offsite uptake. Design/methodology/approach-The research study was carried out through a systematic literature review (SLR). The SLR was conducted to identify and understand the existing themes in the offsite research landscape, evaluate contributions and compile knowledge, thereby identifying potential directions of future research. The grand electronic databases were explored to gather literature on the offsite concept, lean and agile principles and simulation. A total of 62 related articles published between 1992 and 2015 have been included in this study. The relevant literature was systematically analysed and synthesised to present the emerging offsite themes. Findings-The descriptive and thematic analyses presented in this paper have identifed related offsite research studies that have contributed to setting a frm foundation of the offsite concept in different construction contexts. Each of the 62 articles was examined for achieving the aim and objectives of this study, the method of data collection and coverage of offsite themes. The results of the analyses revealed that the articles mostly provide information on the offsite concept and its defnitions (53 per cent) and offsite barriers and/or drivers (27 per cent). However, limited attention has been paid to the integration of lean and agile principles (13 per cent) and simulation (7 per cent) within the offsite concept, which are therefore more open to research within the offsite concept. Research limitations/implications-The literature review highlights the main themes and components of the offsite construction concept. This forms a solid basis and motivation for researchers and practitioners to build on to enhance the uptake of the offsite concept in different contexts. This study also presents a research roadmap within the offsite concept, along with a recommendation for further research to be conducted using the research framework proposed in this study. The framework could lead to validation of using simulation to integrate lean and agile principles within the offsite concept. Originality/value-This paper presents a systematic review of the literature related to offsite construction in different contexts. The emerging components, that is, offsite defnitions, drivers and/or barriers, lean and agile principles and simulation have been highlighted and discussed thematically. A research framework that enables pursuit of the integration of lean and agile principles offsite through the lens of simulation has been proposed. The framework is expected to open up new opportunities on the effectiveness of offsite development in different contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-525
Number of pages43
JournalConstruction Innovation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Future roadmap and framework
  • Lean and agile principles
  • Modelling and simulation
  • Offsite construction
  • Offsite manufacturing
  • Systematic literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • General Computer Science
  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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