Late Holocene Fauna from Kuidas Spring in Namibia

Shaw Badenhorst, Anzel Veldman, Marlize Lombard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We present the results of faunal analyses from the recently excavated site of Kuidas Spring in north-western Namibia. The site includes rock shelters, stone circles and stone cairns. Stone circles, which were built during the last 1500 years, are widely distributed over much of Namibia and parts of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. Current interpretations suggest that after the introduction of livestock 2300 years ago, hunter-gatherers who became herders built stone circle settlements. However, our results based on the faunal remains indicate that Kuidas Spring was exploited as a hunting resource, and whether or not herders with (or without their) livestock occupied or visited the site remains unconfirmed. We also found that gemsbok made use of stone circles at Kuidas Spring when these features were not inhabited and show how such activity might impact the interpretation of archaeological material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-44
Number of pages16
JournalAfrican Archaeological Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Later Stone Age
  • Livestock
  • Namibia
  • Pastoralism
  • Stone circle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archeology (arts and humanities)
  • Archeology


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