Landfill leachate treatment in-depth by bio-chemical strategy: microbial activation and catalytic ozonation mechanism

Yuchen Yuan, Jiadong Liu, Bo Gao, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The combination of activated sludge process and catalytic ozonation technology was used to treat the landfill leachate as bio-chemical strategy in this study. The technology of activated sludge pretreatment and catalytic ozonation post-treatment coupled with baffled membrane bioreactor (MBR) system was proposed. The COD, ammonia nitrogen and phosphate were removed in anaerobic and aerobic environments. At the same time, catalytic ozonation could significantly remove COD, colority, UV254, ammonia nitrogen, 3D fluorescence peak value, and fluorescence regional integration (FRI) of organic pollutants from landfill leachate. Ultimately, the maximum removal efficiencies of COD, ammonia nitrogen and phosphate were 98.46 ± 0.28%, 99.92 ± 0.01%, and 79.71 ± 1.62%, respectively. The heavy metal contents met the emission standards after treatment with this strategy. The removal of pollutants in landfill leachate could be attributed to the positive effect of microorganism in sludge and catalyst in ozonation: (1) The microorganism found in sludge all played different roles, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes accounted for the most, they could degrade organisms and even refractory organic matters. Though the number of Thauera, Acinetobacter, Nitrospira and Nitrosomonas was small, they played an important role on denitrification. (2) During catalytic ozonation, the hydroxyl radical ([rad]OH) produced by ozone would combine with oxygen to generate hydrogen peroxide radical ([rad]OOH) during the reaction, while unpaired electrons were trapped by surface adsorbed oxygen on the catalysts to produce superoxide radical ([rad]O2). In addition, the active metal components, such as Ce4+/Ce3+ redox pair, Mn2+, Mn3+ and Mn4+ on the catalyst surface were able to transform synergistically, which was able to maintain the catalyst activity and realize the removal of contaminants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136464
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2022


  • Activated sludge
  • Baffled MBR system
  • Catalytic ozonation
  • Landfill leachate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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