Job demand and job resources as predictors of absence duration and frequency

Arnold B. Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti, Elpine de Boer, Wilmar B. Schaufeli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

779 Citations (Scopus)


This study among 214 nutrition production employees uses the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model to predict future company registered absenteeism. According to this model, job demands are primarily responsible for health impairment, whereas job resources lead primarily to increased motivation and attachment to work and the organization. Consistent with hypotheses derived from the JD-R model and the absenteeism literature, results of structural equation modeling analyses show that job demands are unique predictors of burnout (i.e., exhaustion and cynicism) and indirectly of absence duration, whereas job resources are unique predictors of organizational commitment, and indirectly of absence spells. These findings have implications for individual and organizational interventions aimed at reducing absenteeism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-356
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Absenteeism
  • Burnout
  • Commitment
  • Job demands
  • Job resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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