Is "friction" responsible for the reduction of fusion rates far below the Coulomb barrier?

B. G. Giraud, S. Karataglidis, K. Amos, B. A. Robson

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9 Citations (Scopus)


The fusion of two interacting heavy ions traditionally has been interpreted in terms of the penetration of the projectile into the target. Observed rates well below the Coulomb barrier are considerably lower than estimates obtained from penetration factors. One approach in the analysis of the data invokes coupling to nonelastic channels in the scattering as the source of the depletion. Another is to analyze those data in terms of tunneling in semiclassical models, with the observed depletion being taken as evidence of a "friction" under the barrier. A complementary approach is to consider such tunneling in terms of a fully quantal model. We investigate tunneling with both one-dimensional and three-dimensional models in a fully quantal approach to investigate possible sources for such a friction. We find that the observed phenomenon may not be explained by this friction. However, we find that under certain conditions tunneling may be enhanced or diminished by up to 50%, which finds analogy with observation, without the invocation of a friction under the barrier.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064613
Pages (from-to)064613-1-064613-8
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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