Investigation of infrastructural maintenance in public institutions in Nigeria

Chigozie Okafor, Clinton Aigbavboa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Maintenance is the act of protecting an infrastructure from decay or dilapidation so that it will continue to remain new, retain its economic importance and durability which will make the infrastructure more sustainable. When an infrastructure is sustainable it benefits and serves the present generation without denying the future generation its own benefits. This study was conducted between 2016 and 2018 to investigate the level of infrastructural maintenance in public institutions m Nigeria using the University of Nigeria, Nsukka campus as a case study. From the field investigation conducted during this study, it was observed that the University rely more on corrective maintenance which involves conducting maintenance when the infrastructure is already damaged rather than implementing preventive maintenance which involves conducting maintenance to prevent unseen damages which may occur. It was also observed from the field investigation that one of the major problems of maintenance in government owned institutions is lack funding for infrastructural maintenance. In this study it was observed that offices and classrooms in the 10 faculties housed by the University of Nigeria, Nsukka campus needed over 40% maintenance work on their walls, floor, roof, paint, window, toilet, electrical installations and doors. The faculty of Pharmaceutical science had the most maintenance problem in both the offices and classrooms. It was recommended that a holistic maintenance model should be followed in line with international best practices in advanced countries. The University should develop and follow a preventive maintenance policy by employing the services of a good maintenance/management firm to maintain and manage the University infrastructures while the works services department serves a supervisory body. In line with the trending 4th industrial revolution, it is recommended that the University should introduce the use of one stop shop maintenance services using information and communication technology (ICT). Special soft wares should be developed which can be used to keep records of building projects starting from the design. As built, till the end of the project, this can help to identify maintenance problems easily.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Conference on Construction in the 21st Century
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event11th International Conference on Construction in the 21st Century, CITC 2019 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 9 Sept 201911 Sept 2019


  • Infrastructure
  • Institutions
  • Investigation
  • Maintenance
  • Public

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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