Investigating the effects of double-pass TIG welding on the mechanical and microstructural properties of AISI 1008 steel

Cynthia Samuel Abima, Nkosinathi Madushele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Most premature failures of double-pass weldments are associated with limited knowledge of the mechanical and microstructural evolution following the welding process. Thus, this study aims to investigate the effect of double-pass tungsten inert gas welding on the mechanical and microstructural properties of type AISI 1008 mild steel joints. Double-pass TIG welding in butt joint configuration was adopted to weld the plates maintaining a 2.5 mm root gap in between plates. The double-pass tungsten inert gas welded AISI 1008 joints showed improved ultimate tensile strengths in contrast to the unwelded counterpart, with the least joint efficiency of 82.67 % (weld W3). An increase in the heat input led to a corresponding increase in the weld metal hardness, whereas the hardness of the heat-affected zones increased first and then decreased. The internal geometry of the welds reveals an increase in the bead width, height of reinforcement, width of the heat-affected zone, and weld metal area as the heat input increases. Lastly, the microstructural evolutions of the weld metal zones were primarily dominated by widmanstatten ferrite, acicular ferrite, and pearlite structures, accounting for the enhanced tensile strength and hardness of the joints. Meanwhile, the heat-affected zones were characterised by coarse columnar dendrite structures resulting in lower hardness values. This study gives an insight into the mechanical and microstructural properties of the industry’s most frequently used steel grade, which has not been given much attention in past studies. The research finding enriches the welding theory of A1SI 1008 steel for industrial and academic benefits.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Materials and Processing Technologies
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Double-pass welding
  • hardness
  • macrostructure
  • microstructure
  • tensile strength
  • tungsten inert gas
  • yield strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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