Investigating Safety Violations on Nigerian Construction Sites

Andrew Ebekozien, Clinton Aigbavboa, Mohamad Shaharudin Samsurijan, Radin Badarudin Radin Firdaus, Mohd Isa Rohayati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The built environment sector is among the leading global fatalities and accidents. Studies showed that implementing health and safety regulations, especially in developing countries, is challenging in the sector. The lax implementation may have increased construction safety violations. There is a paucity of studies concerning the cause and impact of construction safety violations on the built environment in Nigeria. Thus, through an unexplored mechanism, this study investigated the perceived cause and proffered measures to prevent or mitigate safety violations on Nigerian construction sites. The researchers engaged experts across Nigerian cities via qualitative research design. The study used face-to-face interviews and eight construction sites observation to collect data. The research achieved saturation after 30 interviews. A thematic analysis was utilised to analyse the collected data. The study shows construction safety violations are visible threats to integrated project delivery and productivity within the built environment sector. Findings grouped the causes into human, technical, and management/government causes, highlighting the perceived cause of safety violations on Nigerian construction sites. Findings would assist stakeholders in considering the suggested measures to prevent or mitigate construction safety violations and, by extension, promote a safe working environment for construction workers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Construction Management
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Construction sites
  • Nigeria
  • developing economy
  • hazards
  • health and safety (H&S)
  • safety violations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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