Intelligent Control of Irrigation Systems Using Fuzzy Logic Controller

Arunesh Kumar Singh, Tabish Tariq, Mohammad F. Ahmer, Gulshan Sharma, Pitshou N. Bokoro, Thokozani Shongwe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we explain the design and implementation of an intelligent irrigation control system based on fuzzy logic for the automatic control of water pumps used in farms and greenhouses. This system enables its user to save water and electricity and prevent over-watering and under-watering of the crop by taking into account the climatic parameters and soil moisture. The irrigation system works without human intervention. The climate sensors are packaged using electronic circuits, and the whole is interfaced with an Arduino and a Simulink model. These sensors provide information that is used by the Simulink model to control the water pump speed; the speed of the water pump is controlled to increase or decrease the amount of water that needs to be pushed by the pump. The Simulink model contains the fuzzy control logic that manages the data read by the Arduino through sensors and sends the command to change the pump speed to the Arduino by considering all the sensor data. The need for human intervention is eliminated by using this system and a more successful crop is produced by supplying the right amount of water to the crop when it is needed. The water supply is stopped when a sufficient amount of moisture is present in the soil and it is started as soon as the soil moisture levels drops below certain levels, depending upon the environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7199
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • automatic irrigation control system
  • fuzzy logic
  • intelligent control
  • irrigation system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Building and Construction
  • Fuel Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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