Integrating layered recurrent ANN with robust control strategy for diverse operating conditions of AGC of the power system

Gulshan Sharma, Akhilesh Panwar, Yogendra Arya, Manoj Kumawat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents the structural, operational and control aspects of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind integrated power systems. The automatic generation control (AGC) of a meshed power system including DFIG-based wind turbines has been framed and investigations under various system perturbation are presented. The two-area system consisting of non-reheat thermal turbines with DFIG and interconnected through parallel AC/DC tie-lines is considered for the study. The system non-idealities such as governor lag and generation rate constraints are taken into consideration. An AGC strategy using a layered recurrent artificial neural network (ANN) is proposed in this work. The gains of the proposed AGC are obtained by effectively training the ANN using a set of reliable data obtained from a widespread range of operating system conditions using robust control strategy. The study also incorporates the design of AGC for the power system using the fuzzy logic concept and other AGC actions such as integral (I), proportional-integral (PI) and proportional-integral-derivative (PID) calculated via the means of particle swarm optimization (PSO). The results obtained with the proposed ANN created AGC are linked and demonstrated their superiority over fuzzy logic PI and traditional PSO-based I/PI/PID AGC strategies under numerous system operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3886-3895
Number of pages10
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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