Integrated Methods

Mika Sillanpää, Sari Metsämuuronen, Anu Matilainen, Mika Mänttäri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Integrating conventional coagulation with novel treatment methods is expected to enhance natural organic matter (NOM) removal in water treatment. The great variability in NOM composition makes it difficult to completely remove from drinking water by any single technique. This chapter discusses NOM removal by integrating coagulation with other treatment processes (ion exchange, oxidation, adsorption, and membrane technology) and hybrid processes combining membrane techniques with other unit processes (coagulation, adsorption, oxidation, and membrane bioreactors).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNatural Organic Matter in Water
Subtitle of host publicationCharacterization and Treatment Methods
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9780128017197
ISBN (Print)9780128015032
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Adsorption
  • Coagulation
  • Coupling
  • Filtration
  • Ion exchange
  • Membrane technology
  • Natural organic matter (NOM)
  • Oxidation
  • Process integration
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Environmental Science


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