Insights on the role of organic matters of some Egyptian clays in methyl orange adsorption: Isotherm and kinetic studies

Ahmed M. Zayed, Mahmoud S.M. Abdel Wahed, Essam A. Mohamed, Mika Sillanpää

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of organic matters (OM) of some Egyptian clay in Methyl Orange (MO) adsorption from aqueous solutions was tested for the first time. To elaborate this role, the raw Organic Matters-Rich Clays (OMRC) was calcinated at 500 °C/4 h to remove their associated OM by oxidation. Then the MO removal efficiency by both OMRC and its calcinated derivative (COMRC) was tested at different experimental parameters. The adsorption of MO by the studied adsorbents was pH- and time-dependent process and the equilibrium was attained after 60 min. The pseudo-second-order model with high determination coefficients (R2 > 0.999) fitted well the adsorption kinetics, while the intra-particle diffusion was not the rate governing step in MO adsorption by both adsorbents. The MO adsorption characteristics revealed that equilibrium data of OMRC and COMRC fitted well to the Freundlich and Langmuir models, respectively. Electrostatic interaction was the primary but not the only governing mechanism for MO adsorption by the investigated adsorbents; participation from hydrogen bonding mechanism was involved, with some preference for COMRC. The superiority of OMRC over COMRC in MO adsorption can be attributed to the involvement of oxygen- and nitrogen-bearing groups of both OM and clay minerals in the adsorption process on the contrary of COMRC in which only oxygen-bearing groups of the clay minerals were incorporated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume166
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption isotherm
  • Adsorption kinetics
  • Calcination
  • Methyl orange uptake
  • Organic matters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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