Information Security - The Fourth Wave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


In a previous article [von Solms, 2000], the development of Information Security up to the year 2000 was characterized as consisting of three waves:•the technical wave,•the management wave, and•the institutional wave. This paper continues this development of Information Security by characterizing the Fourth Wave - that of Information Security Governance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-168
Number of pages4
JournalComputers and Security
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2006


  • Corporate Governance
  • Information Security
  • Information Security Governance
  • Information Security Management
  • Risk management
  • Sarbanes-Oxley
  • Social engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • Law


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