## Abstract

The present study investigates the mixed convective hybrid nanofluid flow over a rotating sphere under the impact of nonlinear thermal radiation. A model is built to examine the heat transport performance of ferrimagnetic magnetite and copper nanoparticles over a rotating sphere. Nonsimilar transformations are used to nondimensionalize the coupled nonlinear governing equations and the flow model's boundary conditions. Furthermore, the nondimensional governing equations were solved using implicit finite difference approximation and the quasilinearization technique. The impacts of the flow regime on many controlling parameters are then thoroughly addressed. Temperature patterns improve when nonlinear thermal radiation and hybrid nanofluid values increase. The fluid velocity and skin friction coefficient increase in the streamwise direction while decreasing in the rotating direction. The separation of the boundary layer is delayed as the sphere's rotation weakens. The stationary sphere has a larger boundary layer separation than the revolving sphere. The velocity distribution improves with increasing rotation parameter values while decreasing with increasing combined convection parameter values in the rotating direction. An increase in the temperature ratio parameter makes the fluid get hotter, and the Nusselt number goes down simultaneously. Nusselt number and skin friction coefficient in the rotation direction increase, while skin friction coefficient in streamwise direction reduces for increasing values of hybrid nanofluid. The velocity of the fluid enhances in the stream-wise direction while reducing in the rotational direction with the increasing values of the combined convection parameter.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 5874-5895 |

Number of pages | 22 |

Journal | Heat Transfer |

Volume | 51 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Sept 2022 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- hybrid nanofluid
- implicit finite difference scheme
- mixed convection
- nonlinear thermal radiation
- rotating sphere

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes