Individual job redesign: Job crafting interventions in healthcare

Heather J. Gordon, Evangelia Demerouti, Pascale M. Le Blanc, Arnold B. Bakker, Tanja Bipp, Marc A.M.T. Verhagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

170 Citations (Scopus)


In two quasi-experimental studies – Study 1 among medical specialists (N = 119) and Study 2 among nurses (N = 58) – we tested the impact of a general and a specific job crafting intervention on health care professionals’ well-being and (objective and subjective) job performance. Both groups of participants received training and then set personal job crafting goals for a period of three weeks. The results of a series of repeated measures analyses showed that both interventions were successful. Participation in the job crafting intervention groups were associated with increases in job crafting behaviors, well-being (i.e., work engagement, health, and reduced exhaustion), and job performance (i.e., adaptive, task, and contextual performance) for the medical specialists and nurses relative to the control groups. Though we did not find a significant intervention effect for objective performance, we conclude that job crafting is a promising job redesign intervention strategy that individual employees can use to improve their well-being and job performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-114
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Employee engagement
  • Job crafting
  • Job demands-resources model
  • Job performance
  • Job redesign interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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