Indications of bow and stone-tipped arrow use 64 000 years ago in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Marlize Lombard, Laurel Phillipson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

237 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The invention of the bow and arrow was a pivotal moment in the human story and its earliest use is a primary quarry of the modern researcher. Since the organic parts of the weapon - wood, bone, cord and feathers - very rarely survive, the deduction that a bow and arrow was in use depends heavily on the examination of certain classes of stone artefacts and their context. Here the authors apply rigorous analytical reasoning to the task, and demonstrate that, conforming to their exacting checklist, is an early assemblage from Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, which therefore suggests bow and arrow technology in use there 64 millennia ago.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-648
Number of pages14
JournalAntiquity
Volume84
Issue number325
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2010

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Bow and arrow
  • Howiesons Poort
  • Hunting technology
  • Lithics
  • Pleistocene
  • Residues
  • Sibudu Cave
  • Use-traces

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archeology
  • General Arts and Humanities

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Indications of bow and stone-tipped arrow use 64 000 years ago in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this