In-situ processing and characterization of Fe–TiCN composite produced via enhanced carbonitrothermic reduction of low grade ilmenite concentrate

T. Mojisola, M. M. Ramakokovhu, J. Raethel, P. A. Olubambi, W. R. Matizamhuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study reports the in-situ synthesis of Fe–TiCN composite via carbonitrothermic reduction of ilmenite concentrate. The fraction of ilmenite reacted and the synthesized phases thereof were discussed. The mechanism of titanium carbonitride phase formation from ilmenite was established on the basis of its phase stability in the FeTiO3 – Carbon system at 800–1400 °C, using FactSage 7.0™ Database and Simultaneous thermal analyser (STA 449 F1 TGA-DTG). The as – reduced products (synthesized Fe–TiCN powders) were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) to study the particle morphology and evolving microstructure, and X-ray diffraction spectrometer (XRD) was used to analyze the possible phase transformations during the reduction process. To further confirm that the synthesized powder was pure Fe–TiCN, high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) was used to study its lattice orientation and particle distribution. Mass loss was measured and used to calculate the percentage/extent of reduction during the carbonitrothermic reduction. The reaction sequence of the ilmenite transformation from 800 °C to 1400 °C was found to be: FeTiO3 – ‘Fe + TiO2’ – Ti3O5 – TiCN, and Ti2O3 was not observed throughout the reduction. An optimal amount of 97.95% extent of reduction was recorded, as the FeTiO3 completely transformed to Fe–TiCN around 1400 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100606
JournalMaterials Today Communications
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019

Keywords

  • Carbonitrothermic reduction
  • Composite
  • Fe–TiCN
  • In-situ synthesis
  • SAED

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry

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