Improving the combustion properties of corncob biomass via torrefaction for solid fuel applications

Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye, Tien Chien Jen, Rasheedat Modupe Mahamood, Esther Titilayo Akinlabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The overdependence on fossils as the primary energy source has led to climate change, global warming, and the emission of greenhouse gas. As a result, the United Nations, while setting the goals for the year 2030, has made the provision of a green environment and energy one of the top priorities. In this study, the suitability of corncob for green energy production was investigated. The improvement of corncob’s thermal and combustion properties via the torrefaction process was considered for solid fuel applications. The raw corncob was collected, sorted, and dried for seven days before being used for the torrefaction experiment. Different torrefaction temperatures (200, 240, and 260 C) and residence times (20, 40, 60 min) were studied. There was no particle reduction—samples were torrefied as collected (whole corncob). The results show that torrefaction temperature and residence time affect the torrefaction products yields along with their properties. Thermal and combustion properties were improved with an increase in torrefaction temperature and residence time. The higher heating value and energy density of the torrefied corncob varied between 17.26 and 18.89 MJ/kg, and 3.23 and 5.66 GJ/m3, respectively. High torrefaction temperature and residence time lead to low solid yield; however, liquid and gas yields increase with torrefaction temperature and residence time. The solid yields varied from 27.57 to 52.23%, while the liquid and gas yields varied from 31.56 to 44.78% and 16.21 to 27.65%, respectively. The properties of corncob improve after torrefaction and are suitable for solid fuel application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number260
JournalJournal of Composites Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Combustion property
  • Corncob
  • Energy density
  • Thermal property
  • Torrefaction process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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