Improved Magnetite Nanoparticle Immobilization on a Carbon Felt Cathode in the Heterogeneous Electro-Fenton Degradation of Aspirin in Wastewater

Charles Muzenda, Omotayo A. Arotiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toward the improvement of the application of heterogeneous electro-Fenton in water treatment, we report a new strategy of enhancing the immobilization of a magnetite nanoparticle catalyst on a carbon felt cathode. Exploiting the intrinsic ferrimagnetic properties of magnetite nanoparticles, magnet bars were used to attach the magnetite into the void spaces of the porous carbon felt (CF) cathode. The magnetite nanoparticles were prepared by coprecipitation with variations in the molar ratios of Fe2+/Fe3+. The magnetite was characterized, attached onto the CF electrode with magnetic bars, and used in the heterogeneous electro-Fenton (EF) degradation of aspirin. The effects of the following on the degradation were studied: Fe2+/Fe3+, pH, catalyst loading concentration, and voltage. The heterogeneous EF degradation of aspirin in wastewater improved by 23% when magnetic bars were used to enhance the immobilization of the magnetite catalysts. The 1:4 Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio resulted in the highest hetero-EF catalytic degradation of aspirin with complete degradation (100%) achieved after 140 min. For a mixture of pharmaceuticals, degradation percentages of 94.3% (aspirin), 88% (ciprofloxacin), and 80% (paracetamol) in 3 h were obtained. The magnetized magnetite on the cathode was reusable for 10 cycles. Thus, the use of magnets shows a promising strategy to avoid the leaching of ferrimagnetic nanoparticle catalysts embedded in the cathode for heterogeneous EF processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19261-19269
Number of pages9
JournalACS Omega
Volume7
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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