Impact of design parameters on the performance of centrifugal pumps

M. E. Matlakala, D. V.V. Kallon, S. P. Simelane, P. M. Mashinini

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The burden of production is in the difficulties of installation, maintenance, and operations. Centrifugal pumps contain two main parts: an impeller (rotor) that rotates at the motor speed and imparts centrifugal forces to the production fluid and diffuser (stator) which is the fixed part that guides the flow to the discharge. The shape of the impeller influences the performance of the pump. Thus, the area of significance to the pump design is the impeller geometric parameters to achieve pump performance. The consumption of energy by the pump is caused by the failure to choose the right pump size for the system, improper installation, and pump operation. Poor pump performance may affect the plant operation such as maintenance cost, downtime, loss of production, increase in operating cost. The loss of the hydraulic performance of the centrifugal pump is as a result of the detachment of the impeller neck rings on the impellers. A design modification to the casing wear rings or impeller neck rings is recommended to smooth the entry of water into the eye of the impeller by reducing the gap between the casing wear ring and the impeller neck ring. Various tests are performed on the Rand Water centrifugal pump installed at Zuikerbourch Rand Water Pumping Station. These tests show that design parameters such as the diameter of the impeller, blade angles, and number of blades, suction diameter and discharge diameter can have considerable influence on the performance of the centrifugal pumps. On this basis, the design of a suitable impeller is proposed. A model to predict the efficiency losses of these pumps is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-206
Number of pages10
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Sustainable Materials Processing and Manufacturing, SMPM 2019 - Sun City, South Africa
Duration: 8 Mar 201910 Mar 2019


  • Centrifugal pumps
  • Pump design parameters
  • Pump performance
  • Rand Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence


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